The human spine is made up of small bones, also known as vertebrae, and discs layered into a straight vertical line. A normal and healthy spine should run down the middle of the back in a straight line; if a spine exhibits abnormal curvature, such as an extreme inward arching and rounding of the upper or lower back, or with the misalignment of the backbone presenting in an S- or C- shape when viewed from behind, they are known as disorders of the spine, more commonly known as a curved spine.
One of the more commonly diagnosed form of a curved spine is Scoliosis, which in Greek means ‘crooked’. A person suffering from Scoliosis has a spine that curves either to the left or right; this curvature is presented either in the upper (thoracic) or lower (lumbar) part of the spine or may stretch from the upper all the way to the lower part (thoracolumbar curve) of the backbone. In some cases, the spine may even have an S-shaped or double curve.
Mild forms of Scoliosis do not require treatment but in serious cases, the breathing functions of the patient may be impaired. For both mild and serious forms of Scoliosis, pain is not usually present.
CAUSES AND TYPES
These are the 3 most common types of Scoliosis:
Idiopathic scoliosis – 80% of all scoliosis cases are categorised as being idiopathic. This means that the diagnosis has no known causes and conclusive results, with the most likely cause as being inherited (hereditary). it is important to understand that idiopathic scoliosis is neither preventable nor caused by poor posture.
Congenital scoliosis – this type of scoliosis is caused by a bone defect present at